In the past 20 years Uganda has emerged from civil war and economic catastrophe. Yet it still faces many challenges and remains one of the world’s poorest countries. Uganda is one of the 22 high burden TB countries in the world, with TB detection and treatment levels well below World Health Organization targets.

Target TB has been working with its local partner, International Medical Fund (IMF), since 2009 to improve the prevention and treatment of TB in urban slums and rural communities of Uganda.

Lira Distirct: in Northern Uganda, Target TB and IMF have introduced a new project to enable 700 of the poorest and most vulnerable people to access high-quality TB diagnosis, treatment and education services every year.

140 Ugandan community-health workers and volunteers have been  equipped with skills and knowledge to deliver life-saving health education to approximately 18,000 people and provide support to people affected by TB in accessing quality diagnosis and treatment services.

Kampala: in sprawling urban slum communities Target TB and IMF are working to reach out to high risk slum dwellers. A needs assessment highlighted the link between housing conditions and socio economic vulnerabilities that impacts the spread of TB in these communities.

Read our paper on TB in urban slums.

Average life expectancy in Uganda is just 54 years

Uganda has a high HIV prevalence of around 7%. Around 54% of TB patients are co-infected with HIV

Uganda’s slums are growing by 5% every year – by 2035 over 20 million people will be living in urban areas

See Missi’s Story

A photo story from Namuwongo slum



100,235 people (56,390 male, 43,845 female) were referred for TB diagnosis